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Penn Nursing analyzed dietary adherence and reduction in obesity rate

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Penn Nursing analyzed dietary adherence and reduction in obesity rate

March 03
10:40 2021
Penn Nursing analyzed dietary adherence and reduction in obesity rate

Obesity Study By Penn Nursing
Dietary adherence is an essential factor in the success of dieting strategies. According to reports, one in three US adults are currently trying to lose weight, among overweight and obese individuals the proportion is even higher. The obesity rate is ever-increasing and currently, 65% of US adults are overweight or obese.

The University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing analyzed and presented a new paper on different dietary approaches and clinical trials to better understand how to optimize adherence and subsequent weight reduction. Ariana M. Chao, Ph.D., CRNP, Assistant Professor of Nursing at Penn Nursing and lead investigator of the paper said, “There is no convincing evidence that one diet is universally easier to adhere to than another for extended periods, a feature necessary for long-term weight management. Progress in improving dietary adherence could result from greater efforts to examine mechanisms underlying interindividual variability in responses to dietary approaches. The more we understand the characteristics of individuals who are trying to lose weight, the more able we may be to identify dietary interventions that facilitate their efforts”. 

Dietary adherence is an essential factor in the success of dieting strategies. According to reports, one in three US adults are currently trying to lose weight, among overweight and obese individuals the proportion is even higher. The obesity rate is ever-increasing and currently, 65% of US adults are overweight or obese as explained in Carbofix reviews. More than half of dieters regain the majority of their weight loss within the first 12 months and less than one-third are able to avoid weight regain over a 3-year period. But the study found that the common failure in following traditional weight-loss strategies has prompted a surge in alternative diet approaches. 

Dietary adherence and fight against excess fat

As per reports from Powdersvillepost, for most weight management programs, decreased calorie intake and increased physical activity remain the first line of treatment. Adherence to low-calorie diets leads to a wide range of weight loss and subsequent weight regain. Each individual’s adherence to the dietary target and strategies prevents weight regain. 

The study conducted in The University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing summarizes that, while eating less and moving more are the basics of weight control and obesity treatment, finding ways to helps people adhere to a weight-loss regimen is more complicated. Thorough knowledge about the features of the diet makes it easier or more challenging to follow and it helps to optimize and tailor dietary approaches for obesity treatment. 

Another study conducted and published in The Journal Of The American Medical Association had done a comparison of four popular diet plans. The study finds that the key to losing weight may not be which diet plan a person picks, but sticking with the plan that is chosen. The Journal Of The American Medical Association also found that popular diets can be effective for modest weight loss and reducing several cardiac risk factors, but overall adherence rates were low.

In The Journal Of The American Medical Association’s one-year study, Michael L. Dansinger, M.D. of Tufts-New England Medical Center, Boston, and his colleagues analyzed the adherence rates and the effectiveness of four popular diets for weight loss and cardiac risk factor reduction. They included 160 overweight or obese adults aged 22 to 72 years with hypertension, dyslipidemia, or fasting hyperglycemia for trial. 

At the initial stages, forty participants were assigned to each of the diet plans and after 2 months, participants selected their own level of dietary adherence. After 1 year, the study found that the average weight loss was 4.6 lbs for Atkins, 7.1 lbs for Zone, 6.6 lbs for weight watchers, and 7.3 lbs for Ornish. The researchers concluded that the amount of weight loss was associated with self-reported dietary adherence level and not with the type of diet individuals follow. They also suggested a way to improve dietary adherence rates in clinical practice.

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